Holocaust, War, Intergenerational relations, Trauma, Intergenerational transmission, Research review, Families of nazi persecution survivors
The Legacy of War. Intergenerational Transmission of Trauma.
The earliest articles on intergenerational transmission of trauma were written by clinicians in the late 1970s on the pathologies of patients whose parents had survived Nazi persecution during WWII. Later studies have shown that pathologies do not necessarily emerge in families headed by traumatized parents, but that they certainly can in individual cases. This research demonstrates that families headed by traumatized parents often maintain a "conspiracy of silence," which can lead to self-esteem and identity problems among the second generation. These problems can manifest themselves in various systemic, social, or pathological ways, including: problems with partners and children, ambivalence toward authorities, underachievement, social isolation, violent behavior, overengagement in political issues, delinquency, depression, and anxiety disorders. 24 References. Adapted from the source document.