PROJECT NOORDELIJK WESTERGO (FR.). DE OPGRAVINGEN VAN DE TERPRESTANTEN VAN DONGJUM-HERINGA (1998) EN PEINS-OOST (1999)
In the early nineties, large-scale excavations were carried out at the well-known terp of Wijnaldum-Tjitsma (Friesland). To put the results of these excavations into perspective it was decided to start a long-term regional project for northern Westergo and to investigate on a small scale several terpen in the immediate vicinity of Tjitsma. In I998 and I999 research focused on the terpen Dongjum-Heringa and Peins-Oost. Both terpen were badly damaged by commercial terp quarrying in the early twentieth century. However, the recording of surviving vertical sections and of terp layers left by the quarrying enabled us to reconstruct in broad outline the sites' settlement history from the first century BC (Peins) or the second century AD (Dongjum) up until early modem times. At both sites, Roman-period habitation on low and small platforms of sods, as at Wijnaldum, had followed on the construction of small (ring?) dykes. Probably these dykes protected arable fields or meadowland. Both terpen were uninhabited in the fourth century, but the habitation in the Migration period and the Middle Ages is well documented.