EEN INHEEMS-ROMEINS HOUTEN KARNDEKSEL UIT DE BULLEPOLDER, GEMEENTE LEEUWARDEN (FR.)
In the spring of 2001 a dwelling mound dating to the first centuries AD was excavated by Archaeological Research and Consultancy bv, north of the city of Leeuwarden. A wooden lid was found in a well. The lid is made of oak wood. There is a central hole and one side is concave and the other convex. The lid belongs to a ceramic churn. Because ofthe movements ofthe dasher, wear lines are visible araund the central hole and an the underside where the cover resled an the ceramic )ar. The top ofthe lid is concave so that spilt mi/k eau/d flow back into the churn. This type of churn was still in use in the south of the Netherlands at the end af the 19th century; it was used to churn goat's milk. This wooden churn cover is the earlier evidence for butter production in the province of Friesland.