‘Arte Dedalica’ in Zuid-Italië: twee ‘nieuwe’ terracotta wijgeschenken
‘Arte Dedalica’ in Southern Italy: two ‘new’ terracotta votives. This paper presents a preliminary study of the provenance of two terracotta votives sold recently on the art market dating from the late 7th century BC related to the trafficking of antiquities in the 19th and 20th centuries. It is argued that one of them is likely to stem from the sanctuary for the goddess Athena at Francavilla Marittima in Southern Italy. The other specimen is a type of terracotta pinax with a representation in low relief of Theseus and Ariadne or a holy marriage, that from the early 20th century onwards has been attributed to Tarent in Southern Italy. While Tarent is famous for its coroplastic industry in Antiquity from the 5th century BC onwards, the attribution of this type of plaque to Tarent and a coroplastic industry in the 7th century BC do not seem to be based on archaeological evidence. Instead, a relationship with the trafficking in antiquities around 1900 seems to have contributed to it. For now, pending further research and publications, it seems to fit better within the sphere of influence of the city-state of Sybaris, including Metapontum, a colony of Sybaris.