Zelfdodingen onder politieke delinquenten in Nederland 1944-1947


  • Tubergen,Frank van
  • Ultee,Wout




Contrary to Durkheim's proposition about suicide during wartime, the Netherlands had high suicide rates in 1940 and 1945. Earlier research showed that the high rate for 1940 could be ascribed to suicide among Jews. That finding concurred with another Durkheimian hypothesis, saying that people who expect to be excluded from society are more likely to commit suicide. In this article we employ the same proposition to explain the high rate for 1945. Assuming that members of the Dutch National-Socialist Movement expected punishment after World War II, we re-analyzed the counting cards preserved at Statistics Netherlands, and found 113 suicides for the period 1944-1947 by members of the Dutch National-Socialist Movement. Our explanation received additional support by the finding that five political suicides occurred in September 1944, when the Southern part of the Netherlands was liberated, 17 for April 1945, and 19 for May 1945, when Germany surrendered to the Allied Forces. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]; Copyright of Mens en Maatschappij is the property of Amsterdam University Press and its content may not be copied or emailed to multiple sites or posted to a listserv without the copyright holder's express written permission. However, users may print, download, or email articles for individual use. This abstract may be abridged. No warranty is given about the accuracy of the copy. Users should refer to the original published version of the material for the full abstract. (Copyright applies to all Abstracts.)

Biografieën auteurs

Tubergen,Frank van