Buurten en geweldscriminaliteit: een multilevel-analyse


  • Wittebrood,Karin


VIOLENT crimes


This article examines the degree to which differences in the level of violent crime between neighbourhoods can be explained by differences between the neighbourhoods themselves in terms of sociostructural characteristics and population composition. The study is based on individual-level survey data (N = 197,538) and official neighbourhood-level data (N = 3,726). Logistic multilevel analyses were used to analyse the data. An often-heard assumption is that low economic status, ethnic heterogeneity and residential mobility of a neighbourhood affect the risk of violent victimisation, regardless of the demographic and social characteristics of the respondents. The study shows that the assumed mechanism at the neighbourhood level cannot be fully traced back to the individual level. The sociostructural characteristics of a neighbourhood appear to play an important role. Furthermore, the results show an effect for the size of the city to which the neighbourhood belongs, with higher risks of violent victimisation in large cities. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]; Copyright of Mens en Maatschappij is the property of Amsterdam University Press and its content may not be copied or emailed to multiple sites or posted to a listserv without the copyright holder's express written permission. However, users may print, download, or email articles for individual use. This abstract may be abridged. No warranty is given about the accuracy of the copy. Users should refer to the original published version of the material for the full abstract. (Copyright applies to all Abstracts.)

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