Prestatiemotivatie bij Turkse jongeren. Het aandeel van cultuur, sociale klasse en migratie


  • Phalet,Karen




The present study focuses on the motivational side of academic underachievement in Turkish immigrant youth. To analyse social and cultural differences in motivational choices, a comparative research was set up (n = 884) with Turkish immigrant youth and Belgian youth in Belgian schools (Limburg and Antwerp), and Turkish youth in Turkish schools (Istanbul). Socio-cultural differences in preference for achievement and collectivism were tested by way of multivariate analyses of variance. In a first cross-national comparison, Turkish youth were more achievement-oriented than Belgian youth, and lower-class youth and girls were more collectivistic than middle- and high-class youth and boys. In a second comparison of Turkish immigrant youth with lower-class youth in Belgium and in Turkey, cultural differences were small, but Turkish youth in Belgium were more collectivistic and less achievement-oriented than lower-class youth in Istanbul. It is concluded that achievement motivation of Turkish immigrant youth is tied lip with a collective integration strategy in the face of social disadvantage in the host society. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]; Copyright of Mens en Maatschappij is the property of Amsterdam University Press and its content may not be copied or emailed to multiple sites or posted to a listserv without the copyright holder's express written permission. However, users may print, download, or email articles for individual use. This abstract may be abridged. No warranty is given about the accuracy of the copy. Users should refer to the original published version of the material for the full abstract. (Copyright applies to all Abstracts.)

Biografie auteur