Sectorale verschillen in beloning en in het effect van opleiding op uurloon. Een internationale vergelijking


  • Allen,Jim
  • Wielers,Rudi




We investigate how returns to education are affected by the industrial sector in winch employees work. Three effects are distinguished, comprising sectoral variations in the strength of the relation between education and wages (education effect), in the wage base (sector effect) and in wage inequality (inequality effect). Using multi-level analyses on data for nine countries, we found a strong sector effect, a somewhat weaker education effect and a much weaker inequality effect. The pattern of the sector effect was highly consistent across most of the countries. The education and inequality effects also showed considerable consistency across countries, but less strongly so than the sector effect. The sector and education effects were positively related to the mean level of education in a sector. Surprisingly, wage inequality in a sector was generally negatively related to mean education. The finding that the sector and education effects are stronger than the inequality effect implies that the returns to education are strongest in sectors with a strong concentration of highly educated employees. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]; Copyright of Mens en Maatschappij is the property of Amsterdam University Press and its content may not be copied or emailed to multiple sites or posted to a listserv without the copyright holder's express written permission. However, users may print, download, or email articles for individual use. This abstract may be abridged. No warranty is given about the accuracy of the copy. Users should refer to the original published version of the material for the full abstract. (Copyright applies to all Abstracts.)

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