The adoption of Indian children by Norwegian parents


  • Victor Groza Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, Ohio
  • David Chenot Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, Ohio
  • Kristin Holtedahl Children of the World, Norway


adoption, international adoptions, adoptive fathers, strengths, behavior problems


This article examines the functioning of children originally from India who were adopted by Norwegian families. The sample included 192 internationally adopted children living in 142 Norwegian families. Surveys previously used in other countries were used resulting in descriptions of the health, disability status, development, educational functioning, and behavioral issues. Results suggest that most children were healthy and demonstrated developmentally appropriate progress for their ages. Attachment was quite strong with a decline as children grew older. Overall there were few behavioral concerns and behavior concerns of concerned initially at placement abated over time. The adoptions are stable. Overall, the findings paint a portrait of healthy adoptive family systems that have found a way to create and maintain stability as they have adapted to the unique challenges of international adoptions from India.

Author Biography

Victor Groza, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, Ohio

Mandel School of Applied Social Sciences, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, Ohio, USA.